Hayden G.
Monera
a single-celled organism that has no nucleus

Scientific name: Lyngbya lutescens
Shape: Bacilli (rod-shaped)
Description: Lyngbya lutescens live and grow on top of rocks along the shallow water.

Lyngbya lutescens (cyanobacteria)
Lyngbya lutescens (cyanobacteria)













Scientific name: Flavobacterium columnare
Shape: Bacilli
Description: This bacteria lives in tropical estuaries inside of its fish.
Flavobacterium columnare
Flavobacterium columnare




Protist
contains a nucleus and organelles, most are single-celled

Protozoan
"animal- like", no cell walls, and no chlorophyll, with a nucleus

Scientific name: Ichthyophthirius multifiliis
Common name: Ich (White-spot disease)
Description: a contagious disease found in fresh and salt water, that sticks to a fish and forms small white bubbles (blisters) that causes irritation on the fish's skin and gills, and can eventually kill them.They can be found in the Great Bay Estuary.
Ichthyophthirius multifilliis
Ichthyophthirius multifilliis
Fish with white spot disease
Fish with white spot disease


Algae
any kingdom, has a nucleus, single-celled with a chlorophyll
Scientific name: Karenia brevis
Common name: Red tide algae
Description: A microscopic, single-celled, photosynthetic organism that can "bloom" frequently. They are responsible for large die-offs in marine organisms and sea birds. Karenia brevis is unarmored. It lives in the Gulf of Mexico and "blooms" on Florida's coastal waters.
external image k-brevis-scan.jpg


Fungi
mostly multi-celled, no chlorophyll, absorb nutrients
Zygomycota 
tread-like, spore at the end of each filament

Scientific name: Mucor ramosissimus
Common name: Mold fungi
This can be found in soil, plants, decaying organic material.
Mucor ramosisimus
Mucor ramosisimus


Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Zygomycota
Class: Zygomycetes
Order: Mucorales
Family: Mucoraceae
Genus: Mucor
Species: ramosissimus


Chytridiomycota
live in water or soil

Scientific name: Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis

Common name: Chytrid Frog Fungi
It is a parasite chytrid fungus that can infect the skin of amphibians and cause disease. It has been linked to large die-offs of frogs in pristine areas like Panama and Australia.
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis













Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Chytridiomycota
Class: Chytridiomycetes
Order: Rhizophydiales
Family: Chydridiaceae
Genus: Batrachochytrium
Species: dendrobatidis

Ascomycota
cup-shaped
Dendryphiella arenaria
Where they live: on the roots of mangrove trees, soil, and sediments found in the estuary.
Dendryphiella arenaria
Dendryphiella arenaria

Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Dothideomycetes
Order: Pleosporales
Family: Pleosporaceae
Genus: Dendryphiella
Species: arenaria


Basidiomycota
club-shaped, closly packed filaments

Mycaureola dilseae
Where it lives: it lives on subtidal red algea
lexi_fungus.gif
Mycaureola dilseae, bottle-shaped

Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Basidiomycetes
Order: Not assigned
Family: Phyllachoraceae
Genus: Mycaureola
Species: dilseae

Plant Kingdom
Multi-celled, has cell walls, and chlorophyll
Avicennia marina
common name: grey mangrove
grey mangrove
grey mangrove

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Lamiales
Family: Incurvarioidea
Genus: Avicennia
Species: marina
where they live: they form in intertidal forests in estuaries in the far north

Distichlis spicata
common name: spike grass
spike grass
spike grass

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Distichlis
Species: spicata
where they live: they live in the marches around estuaries
Adiantum hispidulum
common name: Rough maidenhair
rough maidenhair
rough maidenhair

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum:Pteridophyta
Class: Filicopsida
Order: Polypodiales
Family: Pteridaceae
Genus: Adiantum
Species: hispidulum
where they are found: they live in mangrove forests
.
Equisetum fluviatile
common name: swamp horsetail
swamp horsetail
swamp horsetail

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Equisetophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order: Equisetales
Family: Equisetaceae
Genus: Equisetum
Species: fluviatile
where they live: they grow in dense colonies along the shoreline

Cycas apoa
common name: cycad tree
cycad tree
cycad tree

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Cycadophyta
Class: Cycadopsida
Order: Cycadales
Family: Cycadaceae
Genus: Cycas
Species: apoa
where they live: they grow in wetland areas or on the shorline of an estuary

Gymnocarpium robertianum
common name: oak fern
oak fern
oak fern

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Pteridophyta
Class: Filicopsida
Order: Polypodiales
Family: Dryopteridaceae
Genus: Gymnocarpium
Species: robertianum
where they live: they live in estuaries, marches and fens, heath, lakes, rivers, salt-march, sand-dune, acid woodland, basic woodland, shingle bar, ponds and streams, marginal wetland, sea-cliffs, mountain cliffs, waterfalls, arable land, bogs, eskers, meadows, pastures, roadsides, scrub, hedgerows, walls, and waste places

Liliopsida: seed-producing, vascular
Scientific name:Setaria pumila
Common name:Cattail grass
Setaria pumila
Setaria pumila

Kingdom: Plantea
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Setaria
Species: pumila
Description: Found in fresh water estuaries

Magnoliopsida: seed producing, vascular, produce an embryo
Scientific name: Aster subulatus
Common name: Water Aster
Aster subulatus
Aster subulatus

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Aster
Species: subulatus
Description: Grows along the shoreline of coastal and salt-marshes

Pinopsida: most are conifers, vascular
Scientific name: Picea glauca
Common name: White Spruce
WhiteSpruce.jpg
Picea glauca

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Picea
Species: glauca
Description: The White Spruce can be found in cooler regions, like the Starrigavan Estuary in Alaska.

Bryopsida: has a spore capsule, non-vascular, mosses
Scientific name: Bryum alpinum
Common name: Alpine bryum moss
Bryum_Moss.png
Bryum alpinum

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Bryophyta
Class: Bryopsida
Order: Bryales
Family: Bryacaea
Genus: Bryum
Species: alpinum
Description: Found in rocky esturine habitats

Lycopodiopsida: Vascular, have spore, clubmoss
Scientific name: Lycopodium annotinum
Common name: Stiff clubmoss
Lycopodium annotinum
Lycopodium annotinum

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Lycopodiophyta
Class: Lycopodiopsida
Order: Lycopodiales
Family: Lycopodiaceae
Genus: Lycopodium
Species: annotinum
Description: Found along the shore of estuaries and wetlands

Anthocerotopsida: non-vascular, hornwort

Scientific name: Notothylas dissecta

common name: none
Nothothylas dissecta
Nothothylas dissecta

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Anthocerotophyta
Class: Anthocerotopsida
Order: Anthocerotales
Family: Tenobrionoidea
Genus: Notothylas
Species: dissecta
Description: Grow only in damp and humid places, wetlands, and estuaries

Kingdom Animalsmulti-cellular, digest food inside
Invertebrates
has no backbone, spinal cord

Limulus polyphemus
common name: horseshoe crab
horseshoe crab
horseshoe crab

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Merostomata
Order: Xiphosura
Family: Limulidae
Genus: Limulus
species: polyphemus
where they live: soft sandy or muddy bottoms, shallow coastal waters

Aurelia aurita
common name: moon jellyfish
moon_jelly.jpg

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Scyphozoa
Order: Semaedstomeae
Family: Ulmaridae
Genus: Aurelia
Species: aurita
where they live: warm waters, near coast

Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis
common name: green sea urchin
green sea urchin
green sea urchin

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Echinoidea
Order: Echinoida
Family: Strongylocentrotidae
Genus: Strongylocentrotus
Species: droebachiensis
where they live: rocky subtital zones,
Crocodylus porosus
common name: saltwater crocodile or estuarine crocodile
saltwater or estuarine crocodile
saltwater or estuarine crocodile

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Crocodylia
Family: Crocodylidae
Genus: Crocodylus
Species: porosus
where they live: swamps and mangrove forests in Austraila
Dasyatis fluviorum
common name:
brown stingray, estuary stingray, river stingray
brown stingray, estuary stingray, river stingray


Pseudotriton ruber
common name; red salamander
external image red-salamander.jpg
where they live: by healthy streams, springs

Mullusk

Soft body, two openings, simple organ systems, some with shell

Mytilus edulis
common name: Blue Mussle
external image pacific_blue_mussel.jpg
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mullusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order: Mytiloida
Family:Mytilidae
Genus: Mytilus
Species: edulis
Description of where they live: They live in intertidal areas attached to rocks.


Porifera
Absorb food through pores, one opening for food/waste, attached to surface
Cliona celata
Common name: Yellow Boring Sponge
sponge.jpg
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Porifera
Class: Demospongiae
Order: Hadromerida
Family: Clionaidae
Genus: Cliona
Species: celata
Description of where they are found: Grow on top of rocks and shells on the seafloor, most are found in salt water.

Ctenophora
Two layers of cells with jelly-like substance, use cilia to swim
Mnemiopsis leidyi
common name: Comb jelly (Sea Walnut)
external image Mnemiopsis-Leidyi-Comb-Jelly-274x300.jpg
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Ctenophora
Class: Tentaculata
Order: Lobata
Family: Bolinopsidae
Genus: Mnemiopsis
Species: leidyi
Description on where they are found: They inhabit coastal areas, and even in the Caspian Sea, most prefer warmer waters.

Aves
Hollow bones, scaly legs, feathers
Ardea herodias
Common name:Great Blue Heron
blueheron.jpg
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Not Assigned
Family: Areidae
Genus: Ardea
Species: herodias
Description of where they are found: They are found on rocky or sandy-shores of estauries, marshes, rivers, lakes, salt water shores and ponds.

Mammalia
Hairy, milk-producing, endothermic
Trichecus manatus
Common name: Florida Manatee (Sea Cow)
Florida_Manatee.jpg
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Sirenia
Family:Trichechidae
Genus: Trichecus
Species: manatus
Description of where they live: The Florida Manatee lives in warm shallow coastal wetlands, both salt and fresh water, and feeds on aquatic plants.


Actinopterygii
Fins supported by bones, upper jaw bones slides forward when opened
Solegnathus dunckeri
Common name: Leafy Sea Dragon
external image gallery_main.jpg
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Syngnathnathiformes
Family:Syngnathidae
Genus: Solegnathus
Species: dunckeri
Description of where they live: It can be found from Eastern Australia to Lord Howe Island. They normally live in waters ranging from 30 m -140 m.





BiomesFifth10

Estuary Home

Estuary Fiction

Estuary Food Web

Estuary Conservation

Estuary Bibliography